Setup Multi User
Fleet uses Kubernetes RBAC where possible.
One addition on top of RBAC is the
GitRepoRestriction resource, which can be used to control GitRepo resources in a namespace.
A multi-user fleet setup looks like this:
- tenants don't share namespaces, each tenant has one or more namespaces on the upstream cluster, where they can create GitRepo resources
- tenants can't deploy cluster wide resources and are limited to a set of namespaces on downstream clusters
- clusters are in a separate namespace
The isolation of tenants is not complete and relies on Kubernetes RBAC to be set up correctly. Without manual setup from an operator tenants can still deploy cluster wide resources. Even with the available Fleet restrictions, users are only restricted to namespaces, but namespaces don't provide much isolation on their own. E.g. they can still consume as many resources as they like.
However, the existing Fleet restrictions allow users to share clusters, and deploy resources without conflicts.
This would create a user 'fleetuser', who can only manage GitRepo resources in the 'project1' namespace.
kubectl create serviceaccount fleetuser
kubectl create namespace project1
kubectl create -n project1 role fleetuser --verb=get --verb=list --verb=create --verb=delete --resource=gitrepos.fleet.cattle.io
kubectl create -n project1 rolebinding fleetuser --serviceaccount=default:fleetuser --role=fleetuser
If we want to give access to multiple namespaces, we can use a single cluster role with two role bindings:
kubectl create clusterrole fleetuser --verb=get --verb=list --verb=create --verb=delete --resource=gitrepos.fleet.cattle.io
kubectl create -n project1 rolebinding fleetuser --serviceaccount=default:fleetuser --clusterrole=fleetuser
kubectl create -n project2 rolebinding fleetuser --serviceaccount=default:fleetuser --clusterrole=fleetuser
This makes sure, tenants can't interfere with GitRepo resources from other tenants, since they don't have access to their namespaces.
Allow Access to Clusters
This assumes all GitRepos created by 'fleetuser' have the
team: one label. Different labels could be used, to select different cluster namespaces.
In each of the user's namespaces, as an admin create a
# Bundles to match by label.
# The labels are defined in the fleet.yaml # labels field or from the
# GitRepo metadata.labels field
# or target one repo
# Namespaces, containing clusters, to match by label
# the label is on the namespace
target section in the GitRepo resource can be used to deploy only to a subset of the matched clusters.
Restricting Access to Downstream Clusters
Admins can further restrict tenants by creating a
GitRepoRestriction in each of their namespaces.
This will deny the creation of cluster wide resources, which may interfere with other tenants and limit the deployment to the 'project1simpleapp' namespace.
An Example GitRepo Resource
A GitRepo resource created by a tenant, without admin access could look like this:
# do not match the upstream/local cluster, won't work
- name: dev
This includes the
team: one label and and the required
Together with the previous
BundleNamespaceMapping it would target all clusters with a
env: dev label in the 'fleet-default' namespace.
BundleNamespaceMappings do not work with local clusters, so make sure not to target them.